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In the early 19th century, there was the new cemetery built on the Sustipan peninsula which closes the city harbour from the west. In the early Middle Ages there was the Benedictine monastery of St. Stephen, called “Sub pinis” (under the pine trees), erected on this remarkable site, i.e. on the remains from the Roman and Early Christian times.The monastery was first mentioned as St. Stephen’s monastery in a document dating from 1068. According to the oral tradition, established on the historical documents, the last Croatian king Stephen lived in the monastery after he had been secluded there in the late 11th century.
The archeological excavations have discovered the Roman stone coffins – sarcophagi; the remains of the Early Christian three-naved basilica that was reconstructed in the early Middle Ages; and the traces of the above mentioned monastery on this site.